Thanks to an earlier diagnosis, better treatments and fewer smokers, the risk of dying from cancer in the United States has been reduced by almost a third in three decades, according to a study released Wednesday. ).
The American Cancer Society (ACS) points out in its annual report that the cancer mortality rate for men and women dropped by 32% between 1991 and 2019, preventing 3.5 million deaths.
“The reason for this success is that the incidence of lung cancer has decreased as fewer people smoke,” the document says, adding that lung cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer.
And the speed continues to decrease. In the 1990s, the risk was reduced by 1% per year. Between 2015 and 2019, the rate dropped to almost 2%.
“The rapid reduction in cancer mortality rates shows our overall potential for prevention, imaging, early diagnosis, treatment and approach to a cancer-free world,” the report explains.
“In recent years, many people with lung cancer are diagnosed at an early stage of the disease and, as a result, live longer,” the ACS noted.
In 2004, only 21% of those diagnosed with lung cancer were still alive after three years. In 2018, this index grew to 31%.
However, the differences still persist.
According to the ACS, blacks are less likely than whites to survive almost any type of cancer. For example, black women are 41% more likely to die of breast cancer than white women, although 4% less likely.
Indigenous peoples, meanwhile, are more likely to have liver cancer than any major ethnic group in the United States: twice as likely as whites.
The ACS refers to these differences as “inequalities in health, education and living standards”, which derive from “discriminatory practices and historical and persistent racism.”
In addition, it “severely reduced” the ability to access health services for cancer, including infection prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
“Delays in these observations could exacerbate cancer imbalances, given the unequal burden of epidemics on communities of color,” the report notes, bringing data until 2019 before the global Govt eruption.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States after heart problems. By 2022, the ACS is projected to detect 1.9 million new cancers and 610,000 deaths as a result of the disease, equivalent to an average of 1,670 a day.
According to the organization, 42% of cancers diagnosed are “preventable” because they are caused by smoking, being overweight, alcohol consumption, poor diet and lack of physical activity.
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