March 31, 2023
Ícone Notícias

How the US is moving away from Russia and China to Europe as a geopolitical strategy

you AmericaHeirs of England’s maritime domain, take advantage of this War in Ukraine Europe has to be pushed further Russia And gives China.

With strong Western sanctions on the country led Vladimir Putin and containing NATO With an increasingly clear mission against undemocratic countries, including China, the Americans aim to dominate the rich European market.

The Chinese make up the world’s largest population and are the largest exporters of goods on the planet, making China America’s arch-enemy in a Cold War 2.0. This fact justifies recent conflicts in Taiwan, the largest exporter of chips for 5G Internet.

At the same time, Russia, the former Soviet Union (USSR), is helping to re-enforce ideological differences between Westerners and Easterners after its invasion of Ukraine.

America vs Russia: The Race for the Heart of the World

Until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Soviet Union, which included Russia and several neighboring countries, covered more than 22 million square meters. Today, despite the territorial loss, Russia is still the largest country in the world by area, covering more than 17 million square meters, while having an outlet to the sea and a vast landmass. For Railways.

These Russian properties, in the early 20th century, were on the list of what was considered the “Heart of the Earth” (heart area, in English), by British geographer John Mackinder. The heart of the world will be a place out of the ocean, but with a railroad system that runs through land, natural resources, and good areas for agriculture.

For Mackinder, the British model of supremacy – like the American one at the time – counted across the seas and who dominated. heart area Control the world. His opinion influenced important historical episodes and can still be seen in contemporary geopolitical movements.

Mackinder inspired officers of various ideologies. For example, American diplomat George Kennan encouraged then-President Harry Truman in 1947 to contain the Soviet Union and communist expansion.

If Russia had joined with Germany in the 20th century, they would have become a world superpower together. If several countries lined up in Europe, geographically connecting Russia and China, in Eurasia, it would create a giant invincible enemy for the Americans.

History books say that the Cold War ended with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, but today we are convinced that it was only hidden until the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

America vs China: Technology and Business Race

In addition to Mackinder’s point, it is clear that the heart of the Earth today has much to gain from China’s commercial prowess.

“The Chinese made much of the 18th-century British logic that whoever controls trade rules the world. The middleman earns more than the producer and seller,” says Marcelo Zuano, professor of international relations and political scientist. “A China close to Europe would be Mackinder’s dream,” he says.

Taiwan, another stage in the conflict between West and East, also exposes the imperialism of the great powers. Today, China’s self-proclaimed independent island is the largest exporter of chips for 5G technology. While the United States leads the way in intelligence in this field, China leads in the development of antennas.

In this technological Cold War, in addition to geographic advantages, whoever controls trade comes out ahead. Having the wealthiest countries in the world on your side guarantees a piece of the consumer market for this new product that can enrich countries.

“Both technology companies see the EU market as a great opportunity to provide global leadership in one of the world’s most lucrative markets. Participation in the EU market is fundamental to its political and economic strategy to achieve global leadership,” points out ARP Digital Analyst Nelson Ricardo Fernandez.

War and Geopolitical Realignment in Ukraine

The invasion of Ukraine required the US to persuade the West to allow Russia, one of the best historical candidates for global hegemony. This geopolitical movement will benefit the Americans in this fight for the new technology market, as it affects not only the country commanded by Vladimir Putin, but all anti-democratic countries.

According to Fernandes, the policy approach adopted by the United States is to exclude Russia and China from the G7 bloc to reduce their sphere of influence in the EU. The position of the current US administration under Joe Biden is to “convince democracies not to trade with countries that do not share the same democratic values ​​espoused by European countries”.

For example, NATO changed its mission statement from “defending Europe against Russian aggression” to “defending democratic values ​​against undemocratic regimes”.

So, if Taiwan is also invaded – China is already demonstrating militarily on the neighboring island – it could cut ties with the Asian company, a major exporter of raw materials for 5G. Or the world is more clearly divided between Westerners and Easterners, making China and Russia’s relations with the important and rich European market difficult.