Viruses affect people from the Ceará most intensely during the rainy season and the monitoring of 4,000 people, January through April, indicates the microorganisms most prevalent in the state: influenza A and B, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinovirus, and adenovirus. The elderly and children most vulnerable Specialists point to vaccinations as the main protection strategy.
Viruses are recognized by the Minister of Health of Ceara, with data updated on Tuesday (18) and transmitted to Diario do Norste At the request of the correspondent, on Wednesday (19). This search is done Sample formie: not all people with flu symptoms are subject to this analysis.
Children up to 4 years old are compatible 36% of patients spotted, with 1,401 people out of a group of 4,004.
Knowing which viruses are most prevalent in a state helps determine ways to control disease. Virus monitoring and including Not new And they can harm patients’ health on different levels, explains infection scientist Kenny Kollaris.
“Each year it will be a little different according to the syndrome we’re studying. For example, if we investigate patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome, the distribution of factors will be one. If it’s an influenza-like illness, it’ll be something else,” he explains.
The most important viruses – influenza A, B and Coronavirus – can be fought with vaccines available on the public network. VSR, Rhinovirus and Adenovirus can only be prevented with hygiene and the use of masks, for example.
Diseases caused by various respiratory viruses can, in general, cause severe acute respiratory syndrome, influenza-like illness or a common cold.
- severe acute respiratory syndrome: More severe illness with shortness of breath and need for hospitalization.
- Flu syndrome: Among the symptoms are shortness of breath, runny nose, sore throat and cough.
- cold: Milder form, with respiratory discomfort, but without fever or drowsiness.
The data is from the Watchdog Network for Other Respiratory Viruses (OVR) and therefore does not include information about coronavirus. but Corona virus disease It is among the leading causes of the most severe respiratory illnesses.
“If we are talking about severe acute respiratory syndrome, we will see that the factors are usually Covid and influenza, especially type A, which will be the cause of the most serious respiratory diseases,” according to the specialist’s details.
The most severe form of respiratory illness that year was mainly due to contamination with MERS-CoV, influenza A and VSR.
“Respiratory syncytial virus will be more significant in children and tends to cause acute respiratory illness, particularly in people over 60 years of age and children under 5 years of age,” Kenny Kollaris details.
RSV has even been linked to an increase in Admission of children With less than a year in the country, according to a publication by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz). The main manifestations are bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
Between January and March 2022, 93 cases of RSV were reported in this age group. In the first quarter of this year, the record rose to 318 diagnoses, according to data from Sesa.
The increase was due to improvement test methods, according to Vol. In addition, the relaxation measures Isolation and use of masks contributes to the current scenario.
“There was a lot of circulation this year, more than in previous years. The pandemic has changed that due to restrictions and isolation, but even compared to previous years it is very severe and causes many hospitalizations,” noted pediatrician Rubrio.
In terms of non-serious respiratory illnesses, influenza A, B and Coronavirus appear among the top three causes of influenza symptoms.
“We see that the main affected age group will be children under five years of age and young adults with influenza-like illnesses,” explains Kenny Kollaris.
There is a fact that shows the increase in viral circulation in emergency care units (UPAs) that contain twice the number of patients influenza syndromes between February and March, according to Sesa’s IntegraSUS platform.
While there were 8,600 consultations during February, the record rose to 17,987 in the last month for people with Covid and other respiratory viruses. As detailed by the specialist, the data shows it children that it youths They are the hardest hit.
People with comorbidities and those at the extremes of life, such as children and the elderly, should be careful with their vaccination schedule. But this protection should be a reason for this Caring for everyone As a form of individual protection, but also collective.
“With regard to preventive measures, the most important are the influenza, or influenza, vaccine that the population is currently receiving, as well as the Covid vaccine,” emphasizes Kenny Kollaris.
Respiratory virus infections are controlled with influenza and Covid-19 vaccines. To increase the coverage of these vaccinations, “Victory Day” was held last Saturday (15).
Ceará owns the extension Greater vaccination coverage against the flu since the beginning of the campaign, on March 27, from all regions of the country except the south. 340,743 doses were applied – of which 160,142 doses were during filling only.
In addition, 34,254 people from Ciara received a bivalent booster dose against Covid-19, according to Partial Budget.
“Other respiratory viruses do not have a vaccine available to administer it, and these preventive measures—avoiding crowds and using the best-fitting mask—protect against all of these viruses,” Kenney concludes.
- Location of the flu: People over 60 years of age, with comorbidities, Indigenous, Riverside, and Quilombola communities. Pregnant and postpartum women, children aged 6 months to less than 6 years, and teachers are also in the group. Among those able to receive the vaccine are truck drivers, mass transit workers and people with disabilities.
- Bivalent vaccine against Covid: People over 60 years of age, with comorbidities, Indigenous, Riverside, and Quilombola communities. Pregnant and postpartum women, in addition to people with disabilities, are also in the group.
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