Testosterone is a hormone found in men, and to a lesser extent in women. It is associated with sexual desire, fertility, and secondary male characteristics such as body hair growth and muscle formation.
Endocrinologist Lorena Lima Amato explains that at age 50, it is common for testosterone levels to drop. Hormonal changes can cause symptoms such as mood swings, decreased libido, and excessive fatigue.
“Replacing hormones can restore feelings of well-being, improve libido, reduce feelings of fatigue and help maintain muscle mass,” says the doctor.
In general, the Testosterone should be replaced When its values are less than the indicator that is considered normal for the patient’s age group. However, treatment should begin only when indicated by an endocrinologist. Learn about the types hormone replacement And when to see a doctor:
Types of hormonal replacement
There are several ways to perform hormone replacement therapy in men. The options are:
- transdermal testosterone replacement, that is, by gels that are absorbed through the skin;
- intramuscularly by injection;
- through hormonal implants that are inserted under the skin and changed every 6 months;
- Oral replacement, by pills.
For whom is it suitable?
The treatment is recommended for men who, for some reason, have low testosterone levels, a condition called hypogonadism. Among the reasons for this are:
- genetic conditions
- any surgical or inflammatory condition that disrupts the function of the pituitary gland or testicles;
- Chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity.
The benefits of male hormone replacement are:
- restore a sense of well-being;
- improve sexual desire
- Reduce the feeling of tiredness.
- Improving the ability to have an erection.
- Improve muscle mass and bone health.
The treatment is not recommended for men with any type of cancer, as tumors can be stimulated to grow by the hormone. It should also not be given to people at risk of developing cardiovascular disease or those with certain chronic diseases.
When treatment is only aimed at raising testosterone to physiological levels, side effects associated with the hormone itself are rarely seen. These effects may be associated with the methods used. Injections, for example, can lead to some kind of adverse reaction.
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