September 28, 2022
Petrol crisis in Peru: see other countries that have already seen massive protests against high fuel prices |  World

Petrol crisis in Peru: see other countries that have already seen massive protests against high fuel prices | World

Monday evening (4) evening, the House Speaker announced PeruPedro Castillo issued a curfew in the capital, Lima, to stop the demonstrations, and it was not suspended until the end of Tuesday. The country has seen a wave of protests against rising fuel and fertilizer prices prompted by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Until the president took this action, two weeks of turmoil had passed in the country. Protesters burned toll plazas and clashed with police near the southern city of Ica.

This is not the first time that the price of fuel has been the cause of protests around the world – there have been similar cases in FranceIn the Ecuadorat Venezuela As well as in Brazil.

The price of petrol has become a common reason for the demonstrations because the entire population immediately notices the change and suffers from it.

Jordan Kyle, a political scientist who graduated from Columbia University in the US, published an article in the Washington Post in 2019 about why some price increases sparked protests, but not all.

I studied a particular case in Indonesia where the government announced that it would phase out fuel subsidies. She says that in these cases, the government needs to prove that the money spent on petrol and diesel will be spent on social policies. If the citizens do not believe this will happen, there will be protests.

One of the most famous demonstrations over fuel prices took place in February 1989, in Venezuela. The country’s president at the time, Carlos Andres Pérez, decreed fiscal austerity measures and an increase in the price of gasoline.

The population revolted and initially began to protest against this increase, but the list of demands increased and spread further.

The government responded with a police crackdown. Officially, 340 people have died, but human rights groups say the true death toll is more than 1,000.

Years later, during the government of Hugo Chávez, the state pleaded guilty to the deaths.

Truck drivers strike 2018, Brazil

In May 2018, the price of diesel increased to R$ 2.37. In one month, the value accumulated 12.3% higher.

On the twenty-first of that month, Brazilian truck drivers packing started. Across the country, there were about 190 stops.

Truck drivers on strike against diesel’s rise make parade in Annapolis – Photo: Reproduction/Anhanguera TV

The movement lasted eight days. There was a shortage of fuel at gas stations and there were problems with the supply of other products across the country.

The Packing finished When the government of then President Michel Temer announced a A reduction of R$ 0.46 in the price of a liter of diesel (This amount was the sum of the tax credit with direct support; the money came out of the Union budget.)

In June, a month after the truck drivers’ strike, the Temer government recorded the highest disapproval rate in Datafolha’s historical series, which measures the popularity of governments. At the time, 82% of Brazilians rated Timmer’s management as bad or bad.

yellow jackets, France

At the end of 2018, a plan to increase fuel taxes was announced in France: an increase of 0.03 € per liter of petrol and 0.065 € per liter of diesel.

The increases were part of a plan to get the French to consume less fossil fuels.

‘Tomorrow, the sky will be yellow,’ said a “yellow vests” protester at a demonstration in Amiens, France, the birthplace of Emmanuel Macron, in 2019.

Reply: Almost 300,000 French people took to the streets On the first day of the protests. To identify themselves as people associated with the transportation sector, they wore a yellow jacket, by law in FranceDrivers are required to use.

They burned cars, closed roads and fuel depots, and there were clashes.

The government has withdrawn from taxes, but the yellow vests agenda is becoming more widespread, and they keep protesting (albeit in much smaller congregations) in the following years. Recently, mobilized Covid-19 Vaccine.

case of emergency Ecuador

In 2019, the government Ecuador Need to adapt to the requirements of the International Monetary Fund, which provided a loan to the country. One of the agency’s recommendations was to end fuel subsidies, which cost about $1.3 billion annually.

In one day the price of gasoline increased by 25% and diesel by 50%.

The streets of Quito, Ecuador, during protests in 2019 – Photo: Carlos Garcia Rollins/Reuters

On 1 October 2019, protesters linked to the transportation sector blocked the streets, set fires, and entered the legislative building.

The president at that time Lenin Moreno issued a decree case of emergency. He and ministers left the capital, Quito, and Went to Guayaquil.

Moreno struck a deal with protest leaders to lower prices and end the demonstrations.

No less than 7 people Die More than 1,100 were arrested.

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