One December night, a Russian biologist Vera Emelianenko Went for a walk on the coast of the White Sea with Michael Nirtin, son of the station’s molecular biologist, and two dogs.
On one of the hills, Neritain noticed a blue glow resembling Christmas lights. Emelianenko took in his hands a handful of this snow; When pressed, the snowball glows brighter.. The dogs running across the snowy surface also left a bright trail.
Snow with bioluminescence in the Arctic – Photo: Reproduction / Facebook / Alexander Semenov
At the White Sea Science Station of Moscow Arctic State University, where Emelianenko and Neretin work, No one has seen anything like this in 80 years of the existence of the rule.
Shining snow has been discovered in the Arctic. Photo: Reproduction/Facebook/Alexander Semenov
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Niritin called the station photographer, Alexander Semenov, to catch the spotlight. “We were stomping on the floor together for a few hours to make the spots brighter.”
After that, the microbiologist decided to take the snow for analysis and find it Various bioluminescent small crustaceans They are a few millimeters long, and they are called copepods.
Copepod bioluminescence explains the glow in Arctic snow – Photo: Engage/Facebook/Alexander Semenov
It is a special kind of Mitredia Longa which are most commonly found in the Arctic and surrounding waters, as well as the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
that they It is generally found off the coastThey live at depths of up to 90 meters during the day and rise several meters above the water surface at night.
Spots of light found in Arctic ice – Photo: Reproduction / Facebook / Alexander Semenov
You are Copepods glow due to a substance called luciferin, which is oxidized, becomes colored and begins to glow when it reacts with oxygen. Copepods use this glow as protection to scare away potential predators.
According to Ksenia Kosopukova, an expert on arctic marine zooplankton at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, these Mitridia were likely carried by a powerful current that annually passes along the coast of the White Sea in early December, washing it ashore by waves.
Snow with bioluminescence points has been found in the Arctic – Photo: Reproduction / Facebook / Alexander Semenov
You are The crustaceans in the snow were already faint but alive, says Kosupukova. However, other scientists suspect that it can glow even after death, and even if it is crushed.
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