September 29, 2023
Sunspots are roughly three times the size of Earth in 24 hours

Sunspots are roughly three times the size of Earth in 24 hours

according to space climate – A website that tracks news about weather events in the universe – The sunspot, called AR 3038, has grown to nearly 2.5 times the size of Earth. a land. So, the spot is now about 31,900 kilometers wide, and it all happened on the night of June 19-20.

Check more information about Sunspots nearly triple the size of the Earth in 24 hours.

Read more: The rare planet alignment phenomenon can be seen with the naked eye

What are the so-called sunspots?

Compared to the surface of our star, sunspots appear slightly darker because they are regions of the Sun’s surface where temperatures are lower than the local average.

These spots appear with a high concentration of the magnetic field. This field is focused and retained by matter such as plasma, which is a very hot, electrically charged ionized gas.

Spot AR 3038 has an unstable magnetic field

Images captured by the agency’s Solar Dynamics Observatory show how the region is changing. Experts reveal that AR 3038 contains an unstable “beta-gamma” magnetic field, which powers M-class solar flares.

Thus, the second most powerful type of solar eruption is precisely type M. The current categories are A, B, C, M and X (from weakest to strongest) according to the internationally recognized classification.

It is not yet time for great concern.

However, fortunately, the researchers’ expectations were not fulfilled. According to Alex Young, associate director of the Division of Heliophysics at Goddard Space Flight Center, the spot produces small solar flares, but they are not complex enough to cause major catastrophes.

Thus, according to Young, there is a 30% chance that the solar mantle will produce medium-sized sine waves and a 10% chance that it will produce stronger storms.

According to Solar Dynamics Observatory scientist, W. Dean Pesnell, this sunspot is an active region of modest size that has not grown significantly beyond the base range and is still relatively small. He went on to say that this is exactly the type of active region that can be expected at this point in the solar cycle.