Where do we come from and how do we relate to those who came before us? What makes us different from extinct humans? It is for these questions, and for the answers to them, that the Swedish Academy awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine to the scientist Svante Papu on Monday morning in Stockholm.
boss The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, located in Leipzig, Germany, is dedicated to Understanding the Genomes of Extinct HumansThose who inhabited the earth before humans sane human being, So are the ways in which it has evolved from them to us.
He even came to a new specialty in genetics, ancient genetics.which expanded. sOr, after discovering the genome sequences of our most recently extinct “relative”, Pääbo got a new, more recent point of reference for us to figure out where we came from and who we are.
For Professor Nils-Goran Larsson, a specialist in mitochondrial genetics and one of the six members of the Nobel Committee for Medicine, “The greatest contribution to the world, which was decisive in obtaining this award, was He developed methods that led him to recover and understand ancestral DNA. The DNA of very ancient bones is degraded, with chemical changes, with the DNA of modern bacteria and humans. Pääbo used contemporary technology and applied a unique method.”
There are huge repercussions [das descobertas]both in understanding our evolution, as in understanding our basic physiology and the medical potential of this,” he explains Professor of Immunology Carlson-Hedestam, who is also a member of the committee. “Another important aspect is understanding the genes that we inherited from extinct humans, which are linked to many functions of the human body, such as human response or how we live at high altitudes.”
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