a Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), has just published the National Continuous Sample Household Survey (PNAD). According to the survey, between December and February 2023, the Unemployment rate rose to 8.6%. In the same quarter, in 2022, the index was at 11.2%.
According to information from IBGECompared to the previous quarter, between September and November 2022, there was an increase of 0.5% related to unemployment in the country. However, this is considered the smallest Unemployment rate For the quarter between December and January, since 2015.
The total number of unemployed citizens increased by 5.5%, reaching about 9.2 million Jobless. And compared to the prior quarter, PNAD Continuing Evidence indicates an increase of 483K unemployed. Compared to 2022, there was a decrease of 23.2%, i.e. 2.8 million workers.
Further, about Occupancy rate, there was a decrease of 1.6% compared to the previous quarter. It is estimated that 98.1 million Brazilians are employed. In 2023, the study showed a decrease of 1.6 million. However, the balance is positive compared to last year, up 3%.
The IBGE survey indicates some important information about the labor market in the country. There are currently about 36.8 million workers signed wallet13 million without a formal contract, 25.2 million self-employed professionals, 38.2 million Workers Unofficial.
Likewise, the ongoing survey provided some data on the country’s labor force. There are about 107.3 million citizens, which is a decrease of 1%, or 1.08 million people in relation to the survey of the previous quarter, between September and November of last year.
Thus, the research showed that for the population outside the labor force, there was an increase of 2.3% and it was found that in February it amounted to 66.8 million people. IBGE states that The job market is recoveringAfter the crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
In summary, the institute says that prior to this increase in unemployment given by the continuous PNAD between December and February, there was a significant decrease in the unemployment rate. The number of unemployed in six quarters. As such, the survey reveals an exponential recovery in the workforce after the pandemic.
At first, back Increased unemployment in the countryAccording to IBGE, it is the result of specific and natural market change. For the institute, when observing previous surveys, it is possible to verify that there was a decrease in occupancy in this period, in the quarter analyzed.
Thus, through the survey, it was observed that the growth of unemployment rates in the country is related to Layoffs of temporary workersAppointed at the end of the year. This is due to the fact that the market is looking for professionals to work during the Christmas and New Year periods.
With regard to persistent PNAD, it has been found that informal workers They are the ones with the highest unemployment rate. The largest decline in occupation occurred among workers without signed wallet Public and private sector, self-employed with CNPJ, small individual entrepreneurs (MEIs).
It should be noted that the rate of informal activity of the working Brazilian population indicates a certain stability, totaling 38.9%. The survey also indicated that there was no significant increase in jobs in any of the economic sectors surveyed by the institute in that period.
The average income of the Brazilian population in the December-February quarter was R$2,853. These data indicate stability compared to the previous period. The housing and food sectors witnessed a growth of 6%, while the domestic services sector increased by 2.6%.
In conclusion, the total income of the country’s population, according to the International Institute for Quality (IBGE) survey, has not changed significantly either, remaining around R$ 275.5 billion. Thus, the PNAD Continuous Report indicated that with respect to the previous period, there was an increase of 11.4%.
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