October 3, 2023
UN Security Council calls on Ukraine to suspend uranium enrichment  Russia vetoes Security Council resolution condemning invasion;  Brazil voted in favor |  Ukraine and Russia

UN Security Council calls on Ukraine to suspend uranium enrichment Russia vetoes Security Council resolution condemning invasion; Brazil voted in favor | Ukraine and Russia

Russia on Friday vetoed a UN Security Council resolution condemning the occupation of Ukraine. It was the only country that voted against. But your vote has veto power.

The The resolution was supported by 11 of the 15 members The Council, of them Brazil, holds a temporary seat on the Board. China, the United Arab Emirates and India abstained.

The US envoy, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, first spoke out in support of condemning the Russian invasion and justified her vote.

“We have seen the Russians protest against Putin’s attitude. They do not want to see innocent people die for his ambition. We have an obligation not to turn our backs on the Ukrainians,” he said.

Members of the UN Security Council at the meeting on the war in Ukraine on February 25, 2022 (Photo: Carlo Allegri / Reuters)

Ronaldo Costa Filho, Brazil’s ambassador to the UN, has called on the Security Council to act urgently in the face of Russian aggression. It was For the first time Brazil officially declared itself and was against the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

“The deployment of the force against Ukraine as an act of aggression is a precedent that is rarely used in this Council, conveying to the world the seriousness of the situation,” the Brazilian ambassador said.

Vice President on Thursday (24) Hamilton Mauro said Brazil was not neutral in the conflict And that he did not agree with the invasion of the territory of Ukraine. Brazilian President Jair Bolzano did not allow the speech during the Internet broadcast..

“We renew our call for a complete cessation of hostilities, withdrawal of troops and immediate resumption of diplomatic talks,” the ambassador told the council. There is no alternative to negotiating a solution to the current crisis.

Brazilian Ambassador to the United Nations Security Council in New York – Photo: Carlo Allegri / Reuters

Costa Filho added The country sought to maintain balanceAnd during text negotiations, Brazil “tried to maintain space for dialogue, but still signaling The use of force against the regional unity of member states is unacceptable in today’s world“.

“The security concerns expressed by the Russian Federation in recent years, especially with regard to the strategic balance of Europe, have not given Russia the right to threaten the territorial integrity and sovereignty of another country,” the Brazilian ambassador said.

How was the Security Council formed?

The UN is a 15-member UN body. Of these, ten are rotating and five are permanent – veto-owned.

The following countries are members of the current Security Council:

  • Albania
  • Brazil
  • China *
  • France *
  • Gabon
  • Ghana
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Kenya
  • Mexico
  • Norway
  • Russia *
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom *
  • Us *

* Countries with permanent seats on the Security Council. They all have the right to veto the votes cast.

What will happen after the veto?

After rejection by the Security Council, a similar text may be sent to the United Nations General Assembly, which is assessed by 193 UN members and has no veto rights.

Russia’s veto speech was supported by about 60 countries – 11 council members – and called on Russia to “immediately stop using force” and “refrain from any illegal or abusive use.” A UN Force against the Member State “.

The resolution also called on Russia to withdraw its troops from Ukraine “immediately, completely and unconditionally” and to “reverse” the decision to recognize the independence of the fighting eastern Ukrainian provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk.