space telescope James Webb It was launched on December 25, 2021 from the private base in Kourou, French Guiana. The equipment has been designed since 1996, and required an investment of $10 billion.
All of this effort has been undertaken with one goal in mind: to promote a new view of space, and to allow observations of phenomena that can help gain a better understanding of the Big Bang and the birth of space. Universe🇧🇷
Less than a year after its release, space telescope It actually took some great pictures, getting sharper details on stars and clouds of cosmic dust. Check out some of her amazing photos now:
1. The Carina Nebula
Record the process of star birth. (Source: NASA/reproduce)
This image, which resembles a mountain range, records the birth of a star in Carina Nebula, which is about 7,500,000 light-years from Earth. James Webb is designed to succeed Hubbleand one of its main differences is due to the fact that Webb has the ability to acquire infrared images, which guarantees unpublished recordings.
2. Seeing five galaxies
Four galaxies interact in this beautiful image of a space quintet. (Source: NASA/reproduce)
The name chosen for the largest space telescope ever made refers to the second director of NASA, James Edwin Webb, who held the position between 1961 and 1968, for being one of the names behind the famous Apollo program🇧🇷 This selection was maintained, although he was questioned due to being accused of being homophobic.
3. The Southern Ring Nebula
View of a star spewing gas and dust. (Source: NASA/reproduce)
To obtain these records, it was necessary to James Webb It could be located much further, 600 kilometers farther than the distance reached by the Hubble telescope. Contrary to this, Webb is not in Earth’s orbit, but at a point in space where the Earth’s and Sun’s gravity cancel each other out, called the Lagrange Point, or L2.
That is, the equipment follows an alignment of a land The planet also revolves around the sun. In practice, this means that the telescope is more than 1.5 million kilometers away, making it impossible for any manned spacecraft to maintain it, if necessary.
4. See the universe in infrared
The image shows a view of the universe obtained in the middle infrared, left, and near infrared, right, allowing for comparison. (Source: NASA/reproduce)
In the image above, the bright spots of blue, yellow, red, orange, and green are galaxies And the stars🇧🇷 Obtained in just one day, it allows you to show an ability web For observing distant objects in greater detail in less time, being another advantage with regard to Hubble, which can take weeks to create a record similar to Universe🇧🇷
The telescope is expected to operate for 10 years, that is, there is still time for new records and discoveries to appear. This is worth watching closely!
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