On Tuesday, the 29th, the Secretary of State for Health confirmed the first death from monkeypox in the state. The victim is a 23-year-old man who has been hospitalized since September 29 at Nereo Ramos Hospital in Florianópolis.
According to the Santa Catarina Epidemiological Surveillance Board (DIVE-SC), the patient was immunosuppressed, which worsened the disease condition. At the hospital, all available protocols were followed, including the use of the antiviral tecovirimat, provided by the Ministry of Health (MS) to treat the disease. However, due to the serious condition, he ended up not fighting the complications, and died from the infectious complications of the disease.
cases in SC
Dive-SC reported that cases of the disease are still being monitored in the state, and it is recommended that if skin lesions are present, care should be sought from a health service. Isolation of suspected and confirmed cases is important for severing chains of transmission.
As of November 29, 1932, suspected cases of the disease have been reported in Santa Catarina, of which 374 have been confirmed, 1,235 have been eliminated, 269 are probable and 54 are under investigation. Most of these confirmed cases involved men between the ages of 18 and 39.
Of this total, 13 cases required hospitalization, while the others received outpatient care, while maintaining isolation at home until complete recovery from symptoms. There are currently no patients in the hospital.
Monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus, discovered in 1958. It is transmitted mainly through close personal contact, often from skin to skin, such as: direct contact with skin rashes, wounds, crusts on lesions, contact with objects or fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels) and surfaces used by an infected person, through respiratory droplets or oral fluids from an infected person.
Early on, symptoms such as headache, fever, chills, sore throat, malaise, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes may occur. Soon after, rashes appear that usually start on the face and spread to other parts of the body.
The incubation period is 6 to 16 days, but can be up to 21 days and signs and symptoms last 2 to 4 weeks.
Since transmission occurs through respiratory droplets and contact, with close contact being most effective in transmission, general measures such as wearing a mask, avoiding crowded closed environments, and frequent hand hygiene help control the disease. Avoiding contact with skin lesions in family members or sexual partners is also an important measure.
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