June 25, 2022
The largest particle accelerator on Earth restarted

The largest particle accelerator on Earth restarted

The Large Hadron Collider is the largest particle accelerator in the world LandIt was re On Friday (22), at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), near Geneva, Switzerland.

The equipment has been decommissioned for three years for maintenance and modernization and has been reactivated to start what scientists call Run 3, the third round. scientific From the LHC, which will carry out experiments Until 2024. The first round took place from 2009 to 2013 and the second period from 2015 to 2018.

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The plan is to shut down the particle accelerator in 2024 for further updates, and reactivate it in 2028 as the high-illumination Large Hadron Collider.

Machines and facilities underwent major upgrades during the second long closure of the CERN acceleration complex. The LHC itself has undergone an extensive fusion program and will now operate more powerfully and, thanks to major improvements to the injector complex, will provide more data for the updated LHC experiments,” said CERN’s Director of Accelerators and Technology. Lamont, in a statement Friday (22).

“The LHC itself has undergone an extensive fusion program and will now operate at a higher power and, thanks to major improvements to the injector complex, will provide significantly more data for the updated LHC experiments.”

The 27-kilometre LHC was fired to inject two beams of protons in opposite directions at an energy level of 450 billion electronvolts. The goal, according to the scientists, is to reach 13.6 trillion electronvolts in this third race.

These beams are injected with energy and contain a relatively small number of protons. High-intensity and energy collisions are months away. “It represents the successful restart of the accelerator after all the hard work of the long shutdown,” explained Rodri Jones, CERN’s Head of Radiology.

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