It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Giza pyramids in Egypt More specifically, the process of building these pharaonic works still holds many mysteries. Now, a team of French researchers has discovered that the extinct water channels of Nilo River It played a major role in transporting the building blocks.
Published in a scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers at the University of Avignon in France led the study of a previously unknown tributary of the Nile. Discovery helps To debunk the myth that these buildings were created by extraterrestrialsas the book argues Were astronauts gods?by the Swiss Eric von Danken.
The French authors say, “Ancient Egyptian engineers explored the ancient Nile canal to transport building materials and provisions to the Giza Plateau. However, there is a dearth of environmental evidence about when, where, and how these ancient landscapes developed.”
How were the pyramids built in Egypt?
When we think of the pyramids of Giza today, we immediately imagine a vast and vast desert. At first glance, the researchers’ discovery that the Nile Canal runs through the region may seem absurd and that it was responsible for helping to transport the building blocks.
If the area is currently 8 kilometers from the main body of the Nile – a considerable distance when you consider the movement of massive amounts of stone – the situation was quite different more than 4,000 years ago, according to the new study. That’s because the authors discovered traces of the canal known as Khufu near the Giza plateau.
The importance of the Nile River in transporting building blocks
“New palaeoecological analyzes have helped to reconstruct the 8,000-year history of the Nile in this region, demonstrating that ancient waterscapes and elevated river levels around 4,500 years ago facilitated the construction of the Giza pyramid complex,” the authors say.
Reconstructing the history of the canal is made possible by tracing the traces of more than 60 species of plants that have been found throughout the region. With these data, the researchers found that the volume of water in the canal was higher at the time of the construction of the pyramids. After that, the channel opposite the Giza complex disappeared.
This discovery brings history and archeology closer to the real mechanisms that allowed the construction of the pyramids in Egypt. However, other mysteries are still waiting to be discovered, Like the process of putting giant blocks together Inside the maze of tunnels erected.
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