If you remember from biology lessons, you know that our stomachs produce Very acidic substancesWhich helps to digest what we eat throughout the day. When a portion of this acid returns to the esophageal area towards the mouth, the discomfort is great and leads to symptoms such as heartburn, pain and a burning sensation.
to talk a little bit about food and two reflux symptomsWe spoke to nutritionist Hortência Kettelen Souza Luz, who graduated from the Federal University of Goiás and is currently a resident in intensive care at Hospital das Clínicas at the same institution.
She explained to us a little better what the causes and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease are and how the condition relates to the food we consume.
gastroesophageal reflux disease and nutrition
In addition to the more classic symptoms, such as heartburn, burning sensation and regurgitation, Hortensia explains that they They are not the only onesBecause GERD can also cause coughing, asthma, hoarseness, bad breath, and clearing of the throat.
Have you ever heard that excess weight is one of the causes of the problem? This is also true, even because “obesity and belly fat causes pressure within the stomach to increase, making it easier for reflux to occur.”
Some foods can exacerbation of manifestations Symptoms too. Hortência stands out, among them coffee, chocolate and alcohol, which have the ability to relax the esophageal sphincter, facilitating the excretion of gastric juices.
She explained, “Bread, sausages, and other carbohydrates also increase reflux symptoms. These foods stimulate the production of more stomach acid and are not recommended either.”
Regarding the hours mealsTrue, I would recommend it Do not eat when it is close to bedtimeLying on a full stomach can worsen reflux symptoms, even while sleeping.
“In most people, reflux gets worse in a supine position (lying face up), and there can be reflux during sleep, especially when a person eats a heavy meal before bed,” the dietitian explains.
It is also important for the patient with reflux to reduce Consumption of gas-producing foodsSuch as broccoli, milk and its derivatives, soda, oatmeal, and some types of fruits.
These foods are rich in fiber and carbohydrates and when they reach the intestines they undergo an intense fermentation process that results in the production of gas.
If you have symptoms of reflux, make an appointment with a gastroenterologist and ask for a referral to a dietitian, who will do so. food adjustments Perfect for your situation.
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